“IPD领先传统工程交付模式好几个光年” HowardW.Ashcraft,Jr.:'IPDislightyearsaheadoftraditionaldelivery' 来源：编译自《BuildingDesignandConstruction》作者：冯炎霍华德•W&bu
Howard W. Ashcraft, Jr.: 'IPD is light years ahead of traditional delivery'
来源：编译自《Building Design and Construction》 作者：冯炎
霍华德•W•阿西可拉夫特是建筑律师美国学院的成员，也是美国建筑师联合会加利福尼亚委员会的名誉会员，还是集成项目交付（IPD：Integrated Project Delivery）特别工作组的成员之一。他任职于美国仲裁协会，在专门仲裁加利福尼亚和内华达州大型和复杂建筑案件的小组里工作，并在工程公司美国委员会法律顾问论坛里任职，他还曾获准在美国的最高法院做律师。他拥有斯坦福大学的学士学位、以及加州伯克利伯特霍尔法学院（Boalt Hall）的法学博士学位。
Howard W. Ashcraft, Jr., is a Fellow of the American College of Construction Lawyers, an honorary member of the AIA California Council, and a member of the Integrated Project Delivery task force. He serves on the American Arbitration Association panel for Large and Complex Construction Cases for California and Nevada and on the Legal Counsel Forum of the American Council of Engineering Companies, and has been admitted to the bar of the U.S. Supreme Court. He holds a bachelor's degree from Stanford and a JD degree from Boalt Hall at UC Berkeley.
BD+C: Is IPD the answer to aligning incentives with project success?
Howard Ashcraft: It's a quantum improvement over traditional delivery processes. You want to align people down to the individual holding the hammer. IPD doesn't go down to that level, but it's light years ahead of the traditional delivery process.
BD+C: You wrote the IPD contracts on Autodesk's office projects. What efficiency gains did you see on those projects?
HA: In the San Francisco project, the RFI turnaround averaged well under an hour because of this discussion. It was in the realm of 20 minutes with instant responses that allowed people to move forward much more swiftly. In Waltham, Mass., final project management decisions were made at a low level and that allowed them to move the project forward in really tough times. There were tight schedules on both projects, but they met them. In both situations the architects began to understand how the contractors needed their information to develop costing information. They started to visually draw for the contractor, which saved time in the erection process.